Do infants retain traumatic experiences that lie at the root of later psychopathology? Recent literature on infant memory suggests that retention of everyday stimuli can be prolonged by presenting frequent reminders. Whether this justifies searching for and treating preverbal trauma in older children and adults is a different matter.
Though the winter solstice and Blue Monday have passed, the winter’s midpoint has not. These days you may wake up when it is still dark, or darkness has set in again by the time you leave school or work. Even so, the days are rapidly lengthening. How does this affect your mood?
Patients with Dissociative Identity disorder (DID) have problems in retrieving specific memories from their personal past. Interestingly, this overgeneral memory retrieval does not differ between patients’ multiple identities.
Habits are hard to change, as illustrated in Plato’s quote that “The first and best victory is to conquer self”. Mindfulness meditation has begun to be studied as a way to counteract detrimental mental habits. We examined whether mindfulness would delink the relation between alcohol impulses and alcohol use.
Though disgust is a universal emotion, little is known about how it emerges. It is assumed that disgust primarily helps us avoid contaminants and diseases. However, disgust responses are not always adaptive. For example, people with a phobia may experience extremely high levels of disgust.
Negative attentional biases have been linked to depression. The “find the smiling face task” has been shown to reduce these dysfunctional attentional biases. To further validate the task, Thole Hoppen and two fellow students investigated whether the “find the smiling face task” changes attentional biases when people are in sad mood.
Distressing mental images can severely disrupt a person’s daily life. A psychotherapeutic technique called Imagery Rescripting can reduce the impact of traumatic memories in individuals diagnosed with depression or post-traumatic stress disorder, and it may also work when people visualize a stressful future.
People with eating problems seem to perceive their environment and themselves differently from people without eating problems. Their thoughts are constantly occupied with eating, body-shape and weight-related themes. Thus, getting through to them to treat their condition can be difficult.